Category: Home Improvement

How to select wood for your woodworking project?

Picking the right type of wood is half of your work. But, if you are a beginner woodworker, then selecting the right wood can pose a bit of a challenge. Some wood is more comfortable to manipulate than other and can significantly facilitate your job.
The type and quality immensely impact the end product. So, what is the best choice for your project, is it softwood or hardwood. Here are a couple of differences you should pay attention to and popular types of wood in both categories. This will help you set up your goals and make a right decision.

You would think that this material is weaker than hardwood, which isn’t necessarily true. Usually softwood grows faster and straighter than hardwood, and as a result, it is more common and less expensive.
You will find the majority of furniture pieces made of softwood, and it is a popular choice in many homes and department stores. The most popular softwoods are spruce, pine, and fir. These three share similar characteristics and can be used in most construction projects. Pine is used for common woodworking projects such as shop cabinets, wooden bookshelf with glass doors and basic furnishings.
Hardwoods are more expensive than softwoods, and if you are looking for a high-quality stainable end product, then hardwood should be your choice. There are a couple of types you should consider:
Oak – it comes in various forms, and it’s widely used in furniture building. Oak is quite durable, comfortable to work with and it isn’t too heavy or challenging to manipulate. Maple is another favorite selection for furniture pieces. It has a distinctive finish and can be a bit tough to work with when applying the finish.
Chery and mahogany are excellent for beautiful furniture, architectural projects, and decorative finishes. However, they are pretty expensive and are generally used by professionals. We wouldn’t recommend them to beginners because if you make a mistake, it can be a rather expensive one.
Considering that the majority of woodworking projects are time-consuming, it is essential to choose the material you will be working with carefully.

How External Influences Your Wooden Doors And Windows

Every woodwork has to have a protective layer over itself in order to minimize the possible damage of using it, of water, atmospheric conditions and time. No matter how old the woodwork is, the wood always “breathe” and over time it gets less and less moisturized which makes it easier to break and damage. The choice of the coating over the wooden surfaces depends primarily on the location of your home whose woodwork you are covering (mountainous, coast, urban surroundings…), but also of the desired look that you want to achieve.
Wood surfaces must be protected by different coatings, as atmospheric conditions damage them.
The wood gets old faster under the influence of sunlight, the surface is patinated and becomes silver-gray, and the dirt penetrates deeper into its depths. Atmospheric moisture and precipitation make the wood swell, and then during drying, it starts to shrink significantly.

These changes in moisture content in the wood result in a tension that can cause cracking of the wood itself, but also to cracking and peeling of the coating, which causes the coating to lose its protective function. In addition, large temperature changes affect the shrinkage and expansion of wood-preserving surface, thus increasing the possibility of peeling the coating (resulting in greater damage in mountain areas as daily temperature oscillations are higher).
What exactly happens to woodwork when you are not taking proper care of it?
Greyish spots, mold, and fungi also occur due to high moisture. That causes rotting, and the wood becomes useless in time, while the whitish and greyish stains are a more esthetic problem. Therefore, in order to preserve the vivid appearance and structure, the wood should be adequately maintained with appropriate means, since the most important feature of the coating for outdoor use, in addition to decorative, is the protection of wood from excessive moisture.

The constant exposure of wood to UV rays causes its degradation as well as the depolymerization, and in combination with frequent water (rain, snow, dew, air humidity), due to the high degree of air pollution that is often also very acidic, the protection and the wood is additionally getting weaker. Therefore, as soon as the first damage occurs on the coating, the wood must be restored because only this can provide long-term protection.
That is why it is recommended that at least once a year a detailed overview of all wooden surfaces is carried out, and special attention should then be given to the horizontal because they are more exposed to atmospheric influences from vertical surfaces and.
Depending on the region in which the object is located, take care of the sides of the world. In principle, there is more chance that the carpentry that is facing the south or west is ruined than the other carpentry. You need to take care of your wooden doors and windows properly so they can last a long time, and provide a protection for your house that you need.

Ryobi BT3000 Table Saw Review

Ryobi BT3000 is a contractor table saw. This saw is easily transportable, meaning you can take it from one job site to another easily. With this Ryobi model, you can cross-cut and rip 2x4s, cut plywood, Oriented Stand Board (OSB). But, you should keep in mind that Ryobi BT3000 is not good for finished cabinetry, but it is mostly used for rough carpentry.

The good thing about this model is that it has a spot on accuracy and amazing cutting performance. Also, a very good thing to keep in mind about this model is that it has really amazing dust collection. It gets about ninety percent of the dust because the blade is surrounded by a shroud that is plastic and under the table.
Work in complete safety
The Ryobi Table Saw has great blade guards, but apart from that it also has an easy to reach on/off button. It is a large and very easily operated switch and if debris and materials start flying around you will have no problems shutting off this saw.  The size of the off button and its wide surface makes it a breeze to put your hand under your table without losing your attention to what is happening in the work area.
The saw is very versatile
This saw has a table that can be detached and guides on its sides. It can also be set up to saw with the same precision on both sides of its blade. These tables can be detached and have a space for inserting a router. This helps eliminate acquiring different router tables. These extension tables can cost up to 140 dollars.
Here are some pros and cons for the Ryobi BT3000 Table Saw
Pros – It has a table that slides, which can be adjusted and by using this, you can make very precise cuts. Also, the rails on the side to which the fence is attached move. Because of this, you can cut wide pieces. The blade has a shroud around it and this helps greatly with the dust and its collection. It is very light and can be moved around easily. The fence can be locked on both front and back rails.

Cons – The saw is not as sturdy as saws that have iron cast based tables. Also, it lacks miter slots, though you can always add a couple as accessories. The motor might not be the strongest but it should be more than adequate for many different types of jobs. The rip fence does not lock with the face always. Very minor things but they are things you should know before making your choice to purchase it.
In conclusion
This Saw’s main strengths are its small weight and ease of transport. It also keeps to its settings while under heavy use. If used well, the Ryobi Table Saw can be a complete pleasure to work with. In time, this saw will become the contractors’ favourite for any type of short or extended work.

Table Saw Maintenance

The one who harbors his work and the tool he needs to be ready to take care of the tool, that is to maintain it. When we need some tools we need to put it in a place where we can always find it, that is, it has its place. When we find it, it should be in a function, which means that after the previous work was cleaned, lubricated if necessary and sharpened.

Prior to all maintenance and cleaning work, it is necessary to remove the mains plug. More extensive maintenance or cleaning work than those described in this area can be performed exclusively by qualified persons. Damaged parts, primarily safety devices, should only be replaced by the original parts, as parts that are not checked and approved by the manufacturer can cause inconsistent damage. After maintenance and cleaning, all safety devices must be put into operation and checked.
Replace the saw blade
Immediately after cutting, the saw blade can be very hot and there is a risk of burns. Leave the heated saw blade to cool down. Do not clean the saw blade with flammable liquids. Risk of cuts exists while the saw leaf is stationary. Use gloves when replacing the saw blade. Be sure to pay attention to the direction of rotation of the saw blade during assembly. Use only suitable saw blades. In the case of unsuitable or damaged sheets of the saw, centrifugal forces may result in the explosive ejection of parts.
It is necessary to regularly remove the dirt and dust from the machine in order to avoid any damage, to corrosion, to breaking the blades or other parts, and to the dirt of the material to be used.
How to stay safe
The most important is that you should never stand in front of the line with a blade and that you should always unplug your saw when you want to change the blades. Important to remember is also to never reach your hand over a blade and to always wear eye protection. The following information is here for your protection. These rules are quite basic and if you want to use a saw they are something that should get under your skin because without basic knowledge you cannot be prepared enough to use and maintain a table saw.

First of all, you need to make sure that the fence is really good locked into place, and you need to check that after you set it in the desired width. You need to keep woodwork down with a firm grip while you push it past the blade. It doesn’t matter how much time you have, never push wood faster than the machine can manage to cut it. Never! That is how most of the accidents happen, and that is how your wood will get destroyed and will no more be usable. Not to mention, that is how you will damage your table saw, and that damage can be beyond repair.

The Best Coating For Wooden Doors And Windows

Before deciding on a coating, consider the effect you want to achieve and perform the preparation of the substrate well because that is essential. Before you start putting the new coat of protection, first you need to take off the current one that is damaged. You need to do this very carefully by grinding wood and joints. You need to make sure you took off the protective layer and maybe a little bit of the damaged layer of the wood but you shouldn’t take too much off.
A special priming coating that regulates moisture in the wood should be applied. It will prevent the drying of the wood and the adhesion of the doors and the windows.
Before choosing a coating, consult with dealers in specialized stores. It is important to choose the coating that best suits your needs and which will best protect your carpentry. Recently, numerous ecological coatings can be found on our market, some of them are based on natural waxes and oils that are completely harmless to use. The choice is yours but think carefully before making the final decision.
If we want the texture of the wood to remain visible, and the color as natural as possible, it is best to opt for the lazure paint. These are less pigmented coatings that create a thin film on the tree and transparently shade the surface of the wood. They are water-repellent and very permeable so they allow the tree to “breathe”, which, on the one hand, is very good.

On the other hand, this means that the wood’s moisture varies more than in other, impermeable or semipermeable coatings. Due to atmospheric influences, the larvae are relatively easily eroded so that the layer that protects the wood is thinner and diminishing, but their advantage is relatively easy to regenerate.
If we want to completely cover the texture of the wood and its possible defects, then the best choice is enamel, coatings that contain a large number of pigments so the choice of shades is very large. Enamels are water-repellent and poorly vapor-permeable, which is at the same time virtue and defect. Namely, due to exposure to weather effects, over time, there is a collapse of the coating, creating a micro-crack in a thin film through which moisture penetrates the wood. When the amount of accumulated moisture becomes too large, the film coating is swollen, firing and peeling.
Similar problems occur in varnishes, which represent enamels without pigments. When using, special attention should be paid to UV protection because they do not contain any pigments or fillers, so UV absorbers should be added.

Protection against UV radiation is important because all components of the wood are sensitive, and especially lignin. Due to the rinsing with water and the effects of UV rays, its degradation occurs, the wood gets gray and it can even come to the defect of the wood. The more exposed the light is, the greater the degradation.



If you have any questions about furniture, home improvement, and woodworking, feel free to contact us. If you have any questions about how the wood is properly processed, which machines should you use, and what are the best ways to preserve it, we will be glad to hear from you.